Chemicals: Science and Language {Words, Words, Words 2}

Someone once said never to eat something with anything whose name one could not pronounce in it. That puts chemists and people that know how to break down the pronunciation and meaning of long words in a interesting spot, under that philosophy these people can eat everything. Science has introduced some interesting and long word into the English language. Here are some and their meanings.

Deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA]: “Twisted helical polymer chains.” [1]

Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis {45 letters long}: “a lung disease caused by inhaling very fine ash and sand dust.” [2]

Zygote: “A fertilised egg.” [1]

Pneumotachograph: “An apparatus for recording the rate of airflow during breathing.” [2]

methionylglutaminylarginyltyrosylglutamylserylleucyl phenylalanylalanylglutaminylleucyllysylglutamylarginyl lysylglutamylglycylalanylphenylalanylvalylprolylphenyl alanylvalylthreonylleucylglycylaspartylprolylglycylisol eucylglutamylglutaminylserylleucyllysylisoleucylaspartyl threonylleucylisoleucylglutamylalanylglycylalanylaspartyl alanylleucylglutamylleucylglycylisoleucylprolylphenyl alanylserylaspartylprolylleucylalanylaspartylglycylprolyl threonylisoleucylglutaminylasparaginylalanylthreonylleucyl arginylalanylphenylalanylalanylalanylglycylvalylthreonyl prolylalanylglutaminylcysteinylphenylalanylglutamyl methionylleucylalanylleucylisoleucylarginylglutaminyllysyl histidylprolylthreonylisoleucylprolylisoleucylglycylleucyl leucylmethionyltyrosylalanylasparaginylleucylvalylphenyl alanylasparaginyllysylglycylisoleucylaspartylglutamylphenyl alanyltyrosylalanylglutaminylcysteinylglutamyllysylvalyl glycylvalylaspartylserylvalylleucylvalylalanylaspartylvalyl prolylvalylglutaminylglutamylserylalanylprolylphenylalanyl arginylglutaminylalanylalanylleucylarginylhistidylasparaginyl valylalanylprolylisoleucylphenylalanylisoleucylcysteinyl prolylprolylaspartylalanylaspartylaspartylaspartylleucyl leucylarginylglutaminylisoleucylalanylseryltyrosylglycyl arginylglycyltyrosylthreonyltyrosylleucylleucylserylarginyl alanylglycylvalylthreonylglycylalanylglutamylasparaginyl arginylalanylalanylleucylprolylleucylasparaginylhistidyl leucylvalylalanyllysylleucyllysylglutamyltyrosylasparaginyl alanylalanylprolylprolylleucylglutaminylglycylphenylalanyl glycylisoleucylserylalanylprolylaspartylglutaminylvalyllysyl alanylalanylisoleucylaspartylalanylglycylalanylalanylglycyl alanylisoleucylserylglycylserylalanylisoleucylvalyllysylisol eucylisoleucylglutamylglutaminylhistidylasparaginylisoleucyl glutamylprolylglutamyllysylmethionylleucylalanylalanylleucyl lysylvalylphenylalanylvalylglutaminylprolylmethionyllysyl alanylalanylthreonylarginylserine {all one word, 1,913 letters long}: “tryptophan synthetase, a protein, which has 267 amino acids in it.” [3]

Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane: DDT {dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane} [3]

Sources:

1. Science Glossary. http://www.quick-facts.co.uk

2. Oxford English Dictionary Online, oxforddictionaries.com

3. Immense Chemical Names. World Wide Words. http://www.worldwidewords.org

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